PSA 2016-100

Deadline for Receipt of Entries - Monday, July 25, 2016
(Midnight American Samoa Time)


    Vincent Liew Email:

  The PSA Nature Division offers two Digital sections for the 2016 PSA International:

  (1) Nature section
(2) Wildlife section

All entries in the Nature section must conform to the Nature Definition given below.

All entries in the Wildlife section must conform to the Nature Definition given below and the Wildlife Definition given below.

  All valid acceptances in each Nature Digital section are eligible for Nature Star Ratings subject to the requirements of the PSA Nature Division and for listing in PSA Who's Who in Photography. The target acceptance rate will be between 28% and 34% in each section.

  The exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the sponsoring organization or its agent, in its reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to the exhibition rules and conditions.

An entrant's images will be distributed throughout 4 rounds in the order entered in each section and will be judged using a 15 point scoring system (2-5 points/judge).

  An entry consists of 1 through 4 images in the same section by a single person.

      World Wide    
    1 Nature Digital Section  $ 7 US Total    
    Both Nature Digital Sections  $ 9 US Total    
  PayPal is available for payment online. Please note that you do not need a personal PayPal account to pay using our PayPal, just a valid debit or credit card (Master Card, Visa, Discover Card, American Express). Please do not combine payments for the Nature Digital sections with payments for the Nature Print sections or for other Divisions in this Exhibition. Do not submit payments for other people on the same transaction. If you do have your own personal PayPal account you must still use the Exhibition's PayPal form to submit your payment to receive proper credit.

Entrants may pay in US Dollars by cash or check . All checks must be made payable to “PSA” and must be drawn on a US bank. Entrants are requested to notify the Nature Digital Chairman if they intend to pay by cash or check. IRC's are not an acceptable form of payment.

Any entry without paid entry fees at the time of judging will not be judged.

  Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation.  
  The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality.  
  Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves.  
  Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals permissible.  
  Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.  
  No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.  
  Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking, and dodging/burning.
  Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed.
  Stitched images are not permitted.  
  All final images must look natural.  
  Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome.  
  Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.

  Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, enclosures that make the subjects dependent on man for food, and botanical gardens.

  PLEASE NOTE: Human elements are not limited to people in the image. Objects made by humans, such as roads, fences, signs, power lines, cell towers and buildings (or parts of buildings), are also considered human elements, as are domestic animals. Jesses and thongs on legs of raptors and other birds are considered human elements, not scientific banding, and are therefore included in this restriction. Sensor dust on digital captures and rounded corners of scanned images are not considered pictorial elements and may be removed. The final image must look natural to the judges.

  Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat.  
  Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections.
  Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species.

    Closing Date: July 25, 2016
   On-Line entry of images cannot be submitted after Midnight on this date.
    Judging Date: July 30 & 31, 2016
    Notification Date: August 14, 2016
    On-Line Catalog Availability Date: October 23, 2016
    Ship Awards Date: October 23, 2016

    Michael Ee, PPSA, EFIAP - Singapore
    Goh Kim Hui, HonEFIAP, AFIAP - Singapore
    Heng Zee Kek, MPSA, EFIAP - Singapore
  The maker’s name and/or the image title must not be in the image area or in any other area visible to the judges of any digital files, slides or prints. This includes copyrights.

  An image (or a nearly identical in-camera duplicate) previously accepted in any PSA International Nature Division section, regardless of media, is not eligible for entry in any Nature Division Digital or Print section of the 2016 PSA International.

An image previously accepted in any PSA Recognized Exhibition may not be retitled and resubmitted in any PSA Recognized Exhibition or in the PSA International with that new title.

  Informative Note: PSA Recognized Exhibitions are not "THE" PSA International Exhibition. Images accepted in PSA Recognized Exhibitions but not in a past Nature section of the PSA International Exhibition may be submitted in the Nature Division sections of the 2016 PSA International provided they meet the Nature Definitions.

  An image may be entered in only one section of the 2016 PSA International regardless of Division or Media.
All acceptances of that image will be revoked if multiple acceptances of the same image are discovered after judging.

  Entries must originate as photographs (image-captures of object via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally. By virtue of submitting an entry, the entrant certifies the work as his/her own and permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This will include the Exhibition (audio-visual program) of the accepted images to be shown at the 2016 PSA Conference, low resolution posting of accepted images on a web site, one DVD of all 2016 Nature Digital acceptances to the Nature Exhibition Standards Director for exhibition records, and may include use in the PSA Journal. Images where entrants do not give this permission will be declined and entry fees forfeited.

The exhibition assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright. All final work must be on photographic film, or on electronic file, or on photographic or electronic print material, mounting excepted. Images may be altered, either digitally or otherwise, by the entrant subject to Divisional restrictions.

  An online Nature Division PDF Catalog listing all acceptances in all four Nature Sections of the 2016 PSA International Exhibition is included with your entry fee. You can download the catalog using a link on the Exhibition Web Site You can save the Catalog as an electronic file and/or print it out. This Catalog will contain the same information that will be provided to the Nature Division Star Ratings Directors. It will include color reproductions of the medal winning images. Printed hard copies of the Catalogs will not be mailed to the entrants.

  Nature Section
PSA Awards
1-PSA Gold Medal; 1-PSA Silver Medal; 1-PSA Bronze Medal, 6-PSA Honorable Mention Ribbons
Nature Division Awards
Diversity Award (selected from entrants with 3 or more acceptances that show diversity in subject category);
Botany Award (includes fungi, algae, lichens and other non-flowering plants);
Landscape Award (includes large landscapes, small landscapes, seascapes, waterfalls, etc. all devoid of human
influence or elements)

  Wildlife Section
PSA Awards
1-PSA Gold Medal; 1-PSA Silver Medal; 1-PSA Bronze Medal, 6-PSA Honorable Mention Ribbons
Nature Division Wildlife Awards
Diversity Award (selected from entrants with 3 or more acceptances that show diversity in subject category);
Mammal Award; Ornithology Award; Insect Award;
Wildflower Award (flowering plants in bloom only)

  If in the rare case the judges concur there is no image worthy of one of the Nature Division Awards, that award will
not be presented.

Additional PSA Silver Medals, Bronze Medals and Honorable Mention Ribbons will be awarded depending on the number of entries received.

  Diversity Award
To be eligible for either Diversity Award, an entrant must have three acceptances that show diversity in subject
matter by each of the three qualifying acceptances being a different subject category. At least two of the images
must score above the minimum acceptance score for the set to be considered.

For the purposes of this award, the Nature Division has established eleven subject categories as follows:
(1) General (Weather, Geology, etc.) (7) Landscapes/Seascapes
(2) Amphibians (8) Mammals
(3) Birds (9) Marine
(4) Botany (10) Mullosks
(5) Fungi (11) Reptiles
(6) Insects
At least three of these categories must be represented in your acceptances.

You must designate the subject category for each image yourself when submitting your entry. If you do not select a
category yourself, the Exhibition will not select a category for you. The Exhibition reserves the right to change a
category selection that is not correct, such as selecting Bird for a Mammal image.

  If the exhibition determines before, during, or after the judging that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images fail to comply with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, the exhibition reserves the right and discretion to delete the entry from the exhibition and void any or all acceptances or awards. Fees will be forfeited in these circumstances.

In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition may carry out checks on the images to make sure that:
    a) the images are the original work of the entrant and
    b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry.
This may involve asking the entrant to provide originally captured image(s), with EXIF data intact, by a set deadline.

The questioned image(s) of any entrant failing to comply with such a request for the original image(s) may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations.

PSA retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose sanctions if deemed necessary, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition.

WARNING: An entry received from an exhibitor under sanction by PSA at the time of entry will not be included in the judging and the entry fees will be forfeited.

  Each Image must have a unique title. Once an image has been accepted in any PSA Recognized Exhibition, regardless of section or Division, that same image, or a like “in camera” or a “reproduction” duplicate of that image may not be retitled if used in any other PSA Recognized Exhibition. Words such as "Untitled" and "No Title" are not acceptable as part or all of an image's title, nor are camera capture filenames.

Titles will be read aloud during judging. Descriptive titles are recommended. Incorrectly identified subjects may hurt your score.

Please limit titles to 35 characters including spaces and punctuation. The Entry Form software will clip any excess characters resulting in an incomplete title for inclusion in the Acceptance Records. This will cause problems when applying for Star Ratings.

  Borders are allowed for Nature images but are not recommended. If you do use a border, we recommend you limit it to a thin stroke that separates the image area from the black projection background. Wide and decorative borders that draw attention from the nature story are discouraged and could hurt your scores. Black borders will only make your images look smaller when projected using our black background. Vignetting can make your image look unnatural to the judges.

  The judging and display software operates in and assumes that the images are in sRGB colour space. Images will be displayed using a digital projector that only displays colours which are visible in sRGB. If you use a larger colour space (such as Adobe 1998 or ProPhoto), the colours will be reduced to fit the sRGB colour space. This means your image may not display the way you intended; it may lose colour or detail or both. To ensure that we see what you want us to see, make a copy of your image, convert the colour space in the copy to sRGB, save it and send us the sRGB copy. We will not convert the image for you. Do not use CMYK color space. CMYK images will not be accepted or shown to the judges.

  Maximum digital image width (horizontal) is 1400 pixels.  Maximum digital image height (vertical) is 1050 pixels.
The images will be displayed for judging using a Sony Bravia Full HDTV with a native resolution of 1920 pixels x 1080 pixels set not to resize images.


  The entry software will reject images that are larger than the above limits in either dimension even if it is only 1 pixel off. The exhibition will not resize any images. The maximum horizontal and vertical dimensions cannot be swapped. If you rotate your image to make it fit the limits, the exhibition will not rotate it to the proper position for judging.

Use the maximum quality for each of your .jpg images that does not result in a file size larger than 2Mb.

  You are not required to follow any naming convention for your .jpg files. The online entry form software will properly rename your files to meet the needs of our exhibition software.

  Accepted Digital Images, including award winners, will be on display at Selected digital images* and all award winners will also be shown at the 2016 PSA International Conference in San Antonio, Texas between September 10, 2016 and September 17, 2016.

*Time constraints may prevent showing all Nature Digital acceptances at the Conference. All award winners will be shown. Accepted images not included in the show will still get full credit towards Nature Division Star Ratings and Who's Who listing and will be in the Nature Division PDF On-Line catalog.

  Entries are processed periodically and the status reported on the Exhibition Web Site. The status report heading indicates the time/date of the last status list update. Please be patient. Updates are not automatic. Do not expect an immediate update.

If any problems are noted on the status list, please contact the Nature Digital Chairman by going to the Nature Digital Entry Form on the Exhibition Web Site and clicking on Contact Chairman to resolve.

  Confirmations of entry submittals and Report Cards will be sent via email from Please be sure that this email address has been included in your “safe” email addresses to assure receipt of these emails instead of having them blocked by your security system. Also check your Junk E-Mail or spam folder to see if your email software placed any messages from the exhibition there.

Confirmations of entry submittals and Report Cards will be computer-generated emails. Computer-generated emails are automatically blocked by some internet email servers so please contact them in accordance with their instructions to allow any computer generated emails from the email address above if they do not show up in either your Inbox or your Junk E-Mail folder.

PayPal confirmation for online payments will come directly from PayPal using the sender name via PayPal as the sender name and as the sender email. It will be addressed to you using your name as entered on the PayPal page.

  All Nature Digital images must be submitted online using English Alphabet to fill-in the Nature Digital Entry Form. After you have carefully read these “Information and Conditions of Entry”, and after double checking to make sure your images are no larger than 1400 pixels wide and no larger than 1050 pixels high, go to the bottom of these "Information and Conditions of Entry" and click on the NATURE DIGITAL ENTRY FORM button. When the Entry Form comes up fill it out, attach your image files, and submit your entry. Nature section images and Wildlife section images must be submitted on the same entry form using the spaces provided on the form.

Digital entries on CD via postal mail will not be accepted.

If you have trouble submitting your digital images online please contact the Nature Digital Chairman by going to the Nature Digital Entry Form on the Exhibition Web Site and clicking on Contact Chairman to resolve.