Ethical Practices


A member of the Photographic Society of America shall act in accordance with all PSA policies. A member shall be honest in performing and reporting services to the Society. A member shall be ethical in making and presenting photographic images. Members not in compliance with this ethics statement will be subject to loss of PSA membership and/or awards and honors.

每個美國攝影學會(PSA)會員應當遵守PSA的以下所有規定,應誠實履行和向學會報告服務。按規定道德準則製作並送交攝影作品, 否則可能被取消所獲獎項或名銜,甚至被取消會員資格。 

a. Images submitted for competitions shall originate as photographs by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally. By virtue of submitting an entry, the photographer certifies the work as his/her own.

a. 所有參賽攝影作品應由攝影師經由感光膠片或數碼感測器製成,攝影師送交作品參賽的行為本身,也同時證明這是本人原作。

b. Any image accepted in a PSA-recognized exhibition shall not be re-entered in the same format in the same section of the exhibition by using a different title or a like in-camera duplication or a reproduction duplication. An accepted image may not be re-titled for entry in the same section of the same division of any other PSA-recognized exhibition.

b. 攝影作品一旦入選PSA認可的國際攝影比賽或影展,不得再以其它標題或用類似的作品在機內複製來參加同一機構同一個部門同一組的比賽,入選作品可以再參加同一機構不同組或其它機構舉辦的PSA認可的國際攝影比賽或影展, 但不得更改標題 

c. Images submitted in internal (PSA members only) competitions, contests, workshops, Study Groups and the like shall strictly follow these standards, both written and as obviously intended, without reservation. 

c. 在提交作品參加所有學會內部的比賽、研討會、研究小組之類的活動時,會員應毫無保留地嚴格遵循以上書面和顯然的準則。

Information included in honors and awards proposals shall be exact and true.


Material submitted for possible publication in the PSA Journal and/or the PSA Website shall be solely the work of the author(s). Quotations from other material or gathered orally shall be carefully cited with credit given for all illustrations used, and permission to use copyrighted material must be obtained by the author.

提交美國攝影學會月刊或網站出版的稿件, 應完全屬於作者。若使用他人的引文、談話記錄、或說明圖表等版權資料,必須事先獲得原作者同意。 

Ethics Statement & Standards Policy Revised September 2004